Science Knowings: HTML Course For Social Media

HTML Media Queries

Introducing HTML Media Queries

Welcome back! In this session, we embark on a journey into HTML Media Queries, a powerful technique for creating responsive web designs that adapt to different screen sizes and devices.

What are Media Queries?

Media queries allow us to apply different styles to a web page based on the characteristics of the device or browser being used. They enable our websites to respond appropriately to the user's environment.

Syntax of Media Queries

Media queries are written using the @media rule in CSS.

@media [media type] and (media feature) {
  // CSS styles

Types of Media Queries

  • Width Media Queries: Target devices based on their screen width (e.g., @media (min-width: 768px)).
  • Height Media Queries: Target devices based on their screen height (e.g., @media (max-height: 480px)).

Media Query Properties

  • Width: min-width, max-width
  • Height: min-height, max-height
  • Device Aspect Ratio: orientation
  • Resolution: resolution

Media Queries and Responsive Design

Responsive design is a web design approach that uses media queries to create websites that adapt to different screen sizes. It ensures that users have a seamless experience regardless of the device they're using.

Media Queries in CSS

Media queries are included in CSS using the @media rule. They can be applied to any CSS property, allowing you to control various aspects of your design based on the device or browser.

Media Features

  • Device Type: screen, print, handheld, etc.
  • Orientation: portrait, landscape
  • Resolution: high-resolution, low-resolution, etc.
  • Color Depth: 8-bit, 16-bit, etc.

Media Query Examples

@media (min-width: 768px) {
  /* Styles for large screens */

@media (max-width: 480px) {
  /* Styles for small screens */

Flexbox and Media Queries

Flexbox is a CSS layout module that works well with media queries. It allows you to create flexible, responsive layouts that adapt to different screen sizes.

Grid and Media Queries

CSS Grid is another layout module that can be used with media queries. It provides a powerful way to create complex, responsive layouts.

Responsive Images with Media Queries

Media queries can be used to load different image sizes for different screen sizes. This helps optimize the user experience and reduce page load time.

Media Queries and Accessibility

Media queries can be used to improve accessibility by ensuring that your website is accessible to users with different devices and abilities.

Best Practices for Media Queries

  • Use media features that are relevant to your design.
  • Test your media queries on different devices and browsers.
  • Avoid using too many media queries.
  • Use media queries to enhance the user experience, not just to change the appearance.


In this session, we've gained a solid understanding of HTML Media Queries and how they can be used to create responsive and adaptive web designs. Master this technique to deliver an exceptional user experience across all devices.

Next Up: HTML Mobile Development

In our next session, we'll delve into HTML Mobile Development, the art of creating websites specifically optimized for mobile devices. Stay tuned to explore the concepts and techniques for building mobile-friendly web experiences!