Science Knowings: HTML Course For Social Media

HTML5 Web Authentication API

Introduction: Web Authentication API

šŸ‘‹ Welcome Back!

In this session, we'll explore the HTML5 Web Authentication API, a game-changer for secure user authentication on the web. Let's dive in and unlock a new era of authentication!

Benefits of Using WebAuthn

šŸ’Ŗ Benefits of WebAuthn:
1. Strong Security: Public-key cryptography
2. Improved User Experience: Simpler and faster authentication
3. Cross-Platform Compatibility: Works across browsers and devices

Key Concepts: Public-Key Cryptography

šŸ”’ Public-Key Cryptography:
ā€¢ Uses a pair of cryptographically linked keys (public and private) to secure data.
ā€¢ Public key encrypts data, while the private key decrypts it.

Creating and Managing Credentials

šŸ”‘ Creating Credentials: 1. Generate and register a public/private key pair on the server. 2. Create a credential object and store it on the client side.

Managing Credentials: ā€¢ Store credentials securely using Credential Management APIs.

Authenticating the User

šŸ‘¤ Authenticating the User: 1. Prompt the user to provide credentials (e.g., using a form). 2. Use the WebAuthn API to verify the user's identity against the stored credentials.

Checking for Existing Credentials

šŸ” Checking for Credentials: ā€¢ Determine if the user has previously registered credentials on the current device. ā€¢ Utilize the navigator.credentials API to access and verify existing credentials.

UI Considerations: Credential Management

šŸ“± UI Considerations: ā€¢ Provide a seamless and user-friendly experience for credential management (e.g., passwordless login, multi-factor authentication). ā€¢ Consider platform-specific guidelines for UI design.

Credential Management APIs

šŸ’¾ Credential Management APIs: ā€¢ Use navigator.credentials API for storing and retrieving credentials. ā€¢ Implement Credential Manager to autofill credentials and improve user convenience.

Migrating from Basic Auth to WebAuthn

šŸ”‘ Migrating to WebAuthn: ā€¢ Ensure secure implementation and data protection. ā€¢ Consider phased migration to avoid disruptions. ā€¢ Leverage libraries and resources for seamless transition.

Security Considerations

šŸ” Security Considerations: 1. Protect private keys from unauthorized access. 2. Enforce strong password policies. 3. Stay updated on security best practices and vulnerabilities.

Best Practices

āœ… Best Practices: ā€¢ Utilize strong encryption algorithms. ā€¢ Implement rate limiting to prevent brute force attacks. ā€¢ Regularly audit and monitor your implementation for vulnerabilities.

Real-World Examples

šŸŒ Real-World Examples: ā€¢ Google, Microsoft, and Apple have embraced WebAuthn for secure user authentication. ā€¢ Major platforms like PayPal and Shopify use it to enhance payment security.

Emerging Trends in Web Authentication

šŸ’” Emerging Trends: ā€¢ Biometric authentication (e.g., fingerprint, facial recognition). ā€¢ Decentralized identity management using blockchain technology. ā€¢ Passwordless authentication using tap-to-login or proximity-based solutions.

Next Topic: HTML5 Payment Request API

šŸ’° Next Up: Payment Request API
In the next session, we'll dive into the HTML5 Payment Request API, empowering your web applications to accept payments securely and conveniently. Follow us for more!