Science Knowings: JavaScript Course For Social Media


From Next.js to Gatsby

In our previous session, we dived into the exciting world of Next.js and explored the power of server-side rendering. Now, let's seamlessly transition to another popular framework, Gatsby, as we delve into the realm of static site generation.

Introducing Gatsby

What is Gatsby?

Gatsby is a blazing-fast static site generator built on top of React. It's specifically designed to create high-performance, SEO-friendly websites with minimal effort.

Key Features of Gatsby

  • Static Site Generation: Gatsby pre-renders your site at build time, resulting in lightning-fast load speeds.
  • SEO Optimization: Gatsby generates clean, semantic HTML that's favored by search engines.
  • Data-Driven Development: It seamlessly integrates with GraphQL, making data fetching and querying a breeze.

Why Choose Gatsby?

  • Improved Performance: Gatsby's statically generated pages load almost instantaneously.
  • Enhanced SEO: Optimized for search engines, improving your site's visibility online.
  • Developer-Friendly: Gatsby's intuitive API and robust ecosystem make development a breeze.

Getting Started with Gatsby

npx gatsby new my-gatsby-site

This command will create a new Gatsby project named my-gatsby-site.

Creating Your First Gatsby Site

touch src/pages/index.js

This creates the homepage of your Gatsby site in src/pages/index.js.

Building Pages in Gatsby

In Gatsby, each page is represented by a separate React component. Create new pages by adding corresponding JavaScript files under src/pages.

Routing in Gatsby

Gatsby uses React Router for routing. Define routes in gatsby-node.js by exporting page components from src/pages.

Styling Your Gatsby Site

Gatsby supports CSS modules for styling. Create CSS files in src/components or src/pages to style specific components or pages.

Working with Images in Gatsby

import { GatsbyImage } from "gatsby-plugin-image"

Use GatsbyImage to display optimized images. It handles image optimization and responsive image generation.

Optimizing Your Gatsby Site

  • Use Gatsby's built-in Performance Profiler
  • Enable Brotli Compression
  • Minify and Bundle CSS/JS

Deploying Your Gatsby Site

  • Netlify: Host your Gatsby site for free with Netlify.
  • Vercel: Deploy and preview your site with ease using Vercel.

Next Up: Static Site Generators with React

In our next session, we'll delve into the world of Static Site Generators with React. We'll explore the benefits of SSGs and learn about other popular frameworks. Follow us to stay updated!